Work – Know the 10 Stages of a construction!

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Work – Know the 10 Stages of a construction!

Soon after completion of the project, that is, at the end of the stages of a work, the need arises to carry out the budget of the work and for that we must be aware of the stages that involve the construction of a building.

The subject “stages of a work” is a theme in the discipline called Professional Practices studied at the faculty of architecture and civil Engineering.

If you had any doubts during the class or you want to reinforce your memory, in this article you will have the possibility to review what you have learned about how to calculate a basic construction budget.

We know that nowadays there are several programs that do this calculation of form more direct,

However, for you who are now entering the world of architecture and needs to learn in practice what are the stages of a work and also how to prepare the budget for construction of a building.

Pay close attention to this article, because in the test it will not be possible to use technologies to develop the calculation.

Stages of a Work — Know the 10 Stages of a Construction!

Today I will explain the steps to make a budget for construction of one home through the stages of a work.

To start the budget, we need to have knowledge about what is the value of the CUB, that is, basic unit cost of the region where the building will be built, as the CUB varies from region to region.

Each state has a CUB, but some cities may have their own CUB, as well as builders and contractors.

We will use the National CUB for the month of August 2014 which is R$1,441.72 and based on the following illustrations, we will budget for a home of 80m².

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To know the value of the work we will have:

– The amount in of area of project to be built multiplied by the CUB of the month.

That is: 80 m2 x R$1,441.72 which gives us a value of R$115,337.60.

Remembering that these inside values are including labor, materials, construction and paint.

It is also requested that add at least 10% about this value, because there are some issues during the work that, in addition to not being able to predict, there are also individual particularities, such as:

What materials will be used? (some finishes are more expensive than others)

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What kind of foundation? (Some are more expensive than others, depending on the type of soil)

Ready-made or made-to-order shoes? (depending on the type one is more expensive than the other)

Concrete made in the mixer or machined? (Machined is always more expensive)

Will it rain a lot during the stages of the work? (There is no way to predict)

Problems in delivering materials? (Delays with suppliers)

Work accidents? (may delay the work and costs with replacement of employees)

 

Therefore, all these items also affect the final cost of the work and are not always calculated correctly, but through CUB we have an approximate estimate of the total value that the construction of a basic work, that is, with a more traditional finish.

Stages of a Work – The 10 Stages of a Construction Work.

1. Preliminary Services:

  • Probing;
  •  project;
  • construction of the deposit;
  • construction of siding;
  • Temporary installation of water;
  • Temporary power installation;
  • Some items like lamp, toilet for workers.
Stages of a Work - Know the 10 Stages of a Construction!
Stages of a Work – Know the 10 Stages of a Work construction!

2. Infrastructure (foundation and slab):

  • Shoe or stake;
  • Baldrame beam;
  • Column;
  • Slab;
  • Stairs.
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Stages of a Work - Know the 10 Stages of a Construction!
Stages of a Work – Know the 10 Stages of a Work construction!

3. Supra Structure (sealing):

  • Cornerstone;
  • Wall;
  • Verga and counter lintel;
  • Water tower.
Stages of a Work - Know the 10 Stages of a Construction!
Stages of a Work – Know the 10 Stages of a Work construction!

4. Work coverage:

  • Lining (precast, wood, PVC or plaster);
  • oitão
  • Roof (precast, wood, PVC);
  • Tile (ceramic, concrete, etc.);
Stages of a Work - Know the 10 Stages of a Construction!
Stages of a Work – Know the 10 Stages of a Work construction!

Stages of a Work – The 10 Stages to build a building.

5. Frames (Wood, aluminum or PVC):

  • Garrison;
  • Flap;
  • sheet
  • View.
Stages of a Work - Know the 10 Stages of a Construction!
Stages of a Work – Know the 10 Stages of a Work construction!

6. Coating

  • Chapisco;
  • Plaster;
  • plaster.
Stages of a Work - Know the 10 Stages of a Construction!
Stages of a Work – Know the 10 Stages of a Work construction!

 7. Hydrosanitary Installations:

  • pipes;
  • tubes;
  • records;
  • water tank;
  • Floater;
  • Fat box;
  • Siphon box;
  • Inspection box;
  • Septic tank;
  • Anaerobic filter;
  • metals.
6 - Hydrosanitary
Stages of a Work – Know the 10 Stages of a Work construction!

8. Electrical installations:

  • Pipes;
  • boxes;
  • wires;
  • Sockets / circuit breakers.
7 - Electrical equipment
Stages of a Work – Know the 10 Stages of a Work construction!

9. Internal and External Painting:

  • sealer;
  • Spackling;
  • sandpaper;
  • Ink;
  • Solvent.
9 - Painting
Stages of a Work – Know the 10 Stages of a Work construction!

10. Ceramics:

  • Floor;
  • Tile;
  • threshold
  • Baseboard.
5 Sill - Ceramic - Baseboard
Stages of a Building – Know the 10 Stages of a Building construction!

 

Remembering that these 10 budget items do not include the values of RRT's or ARTs of the Architect and/or Engineer, plots and services of the person responsible for the work.

The CUB is always the basic value composed of basic materials, if your client has a differentiated profile and the floor required is porcelain tile or even a plaster work category for differentiated crown molding, for example, the value will certainly be higher than the estimate.

Stages of a Work - Know the 10 Stages of a Construction!
steps of a construction – Know the 10 Steps of a construction!

home used in the study. scene in sketchup with V-Ray renderer. Learn about it here!

This article is part of our course on budget calculations for construction civil, to have access to the videos, just subscribe  in our course and you will receive in your email the 4 lessons on quantitative.

In addition to this that you just studied:

1) Calculating the basic budget of a work the other classes

You will receive even more 3 basic calculations for those who are entering the world of architecture:

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Remembering that for all calculations you will receive the .xls worksheet to train the exercises and apply the knowledge offered.

Don't miss this opportunity and learn from A Arquiteta what it was not possible to learn in the classroom!

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Want to learn more about designing spaces in interior design? Then watch:

See you in our classes!

Ah, we have more interesting information about architectural survey. Just click here to learn more about it!

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11 thoughts on “Obra – Conheça as 10 Etapas de uma construção!”

  1. Luciana I'm looking at your site by myself I haven't picked up a content to taste yet but from the little I've seen it's already become my reference, I'll be taking the course I try to learn I want to learn Budget a work after all I'm graduating in Eng. Civil and still don't want to start a budget for the old reasons of workload and curriculum of private colleges. Thanks for the pots and keep it up you are doing a great job in the professional lives of your followers. kisses and kisses all the best to you.

  2. I loved the content, I'm still studying Civil Engineering and I'm still not sure which area to work in definitively, but being organized is essential. Thank you for your kindness and humility to share your knowledge with everyone.

  3. Hi dear, I don't study architecture or civil engineering, but as I'm building my house, your classes take away a lot of doubts and I also learn a lot from your tips. Thanks

  4. Luciana, congratulations on your work. I'm not from the area, but I'm going to build my house this year I'm counting on your tips.
    Att.,

  5. Hi Luciana, I loved your tips, I'm an architecture student, I don't know how to budget for works yet, I downloaded the spreadsheet, but I don't know how it works =/, do you have a video talking about it?

  6. Luciana, I loved your content, it is very valid, complete, I would like to clear up doubts I have in relation to a work of optimization of a work, which of these steps cause more delays (due to manpower, for example)?

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